Suomen museoliiton ja NEMOn lausunto Euroopan unionin kulttuuripolitiikan tulevaisuudesta Euroopan komissiolle
Euroopan komissio on valmistelemassa laaja-alaista tiedonantoa, jossa hahmotellaan Euroopan unionin kulttuuripolitiikan tulevia painopisteitä. Tiedonannon on määrä valmistua keväällä 2007.
Tiedonannon valmisteluun liittyen komissio keräsi avoimella kuulemisella jäsenmaiden kulttuurialan toimijoiden näkemyksiä ja ehdotuksia kulttuurin aseman vahvistamisesta Euroopan unionissa. Ohessa Suomen museoliiton ja NEMOn (Network of European Museum Organisations) 5.11.2006 antama lausunto.
A. Important challenges
1. Are art and culture linked to the process of European integration and how can they contribute to it?
Art and culture are deeply linked to the process of European integration. By raising the awareness of the common elements of the European cultural heritage they form the link between the European states and its citizens. A mutual understanding of each others cultures will strengthen a common European identity. As a result the proposed European Constitution stresses the safeguarding and enhancement of cultural heritage as one of the objectives of the Union.
2. Which are in your view the most important cultural challenges for Europe and for the European project in the 10 years ahead? Please explain briefly your choice.
The deepening of European integration is a prerequisite for a mutual understanding and will thus lead to the emergence of a European identity and citizenship. Arts and culture are a common asset of the European society. They are the means to encourage an intercultural dialogue by which cultural diversity can be accepted, understood and even enriched.
The order of the challenges appear to be the following:
(1) deepening of European integration
(2) intercultural dialogue
(3) emergence of a European identity and citizenship
(4) cultural diversity
Enlargement of the EU only makes sense if the challenges named above have successfully dealt with.
3. Do you think that culture plays a role in individual personal development and social cohesion in Europe? If so, please indicate how this role could be supported at European level?
The social cohesion in Europe is mainly created by arts and culture. They are the base of our common identity and for personal development.
Studies have proved that pupils being involved in cultural activities receive better results at school and have advantages in obtaining a job. Therefore education at schools should also include practical courses as well as excursions related to culture.
In a free and democratic country individual persons are the ones to initiate cultural activities and thereby enrich and creatively develop their society. The European Union should continue and even improve their encouragement in this aspect.
4. Do you see a role for culture as a stimulus for creativity in Europe and as a catalyst for innovation and knowledge? If so, please indicate how this role should be supported at European level?
Looking at European history culture has always been the stimulus for creativity and the catalyst for innovation and knowledge. It encouraged - and still does so - many improvements in economy, trade or industry and by this to areas related to tourism, new technologies, product design, etc. A further encouragement of culture will lead to a economically successful European Union and to obtain a leading role in the world market which the Lisbon Strategy is aiming at.
B. The cultural sector, Community policies and cooperation in the European Union
1. Which are the most important challenges for the cultural sector in the European Union in the 10 years ahead?
(1) Financing of culture seems to be the most important task for the European Union. By securing the development of arts and culture the Union will archieve most effective results concerning the process of integration and also lead the way to European identity. Furthermore the financing of culture on a European level will result in setting standards for national funding of the sector.
(2) Expression and representativity of the sector will lead to a better awareness of the importance of arts and culture for a united Europe. By this it will encourage further activities and funding on national levels.
Further challenges for the cultural sector are:
(3) Community policy for culture / European agenda for culture
(4) Community culture programmes
(5) National policies for culture
(6) Legal and regulatory environment
2. In your opinion, which are the Community policies and their specific aspects that have the greatest impact on the activities of the cultural sector at European level or to which the cultural sector could make an important contribution? How are you affected by these policies, which developments in these policies could contribute to the development of your sector and its cross-border activities, what might this contribution consist of, serving which specific aims and with which partners? Have you identified any concerns or difficulties in relation to these policies? Which European developments could facilitate the involvement of your sector?
A mutual understanding of each others culture will strengthen a common European identity. Faciliating the access to Europe's cultural heritage and making it available for all citizens will improve co-operation and trust. One aspect of contributing to this the Council (Resol.Nr 13839/04) established mobility (works of art, art collections and exhibitions) as one of five priorities in the work plan for Culture 2005-2006. The subsequent EU Presidencies were entrusted with continuous steps to improve cultural co-operation in the European Union and worked on the "Action Plan for the EU Promotion of Museum Collections´ Mobility and Loan Standards" which was endorsed by the Cultural Affairs Committee on 17 October 2006. The enhancement of collection mobility and the mobility of professionals in the cultural sector are key means to develop a cultural area, which is shared by Europeans and based on cultural diversity and cultural dialogue.
(2) Trans-European Networks:
Trans-European Networks like NEMO - the Network of European Museum Organisations - are encouraging trust and increasing contacts between stakeholders at all level. Thereby they add to a mutual understanding and an encouragement of cooperation.
Policies could contribute to the development of this aspect supporting national and European network organisations that establish trust between professionals through increased contacts and in order to make reciprocity the guiding principle in dealing with partners.
(3) Education and Training:
The development of long term partnerships and the support of international exchanges and internships will contribute to form a common European cultural area. They will encourage long-term partnerships, collaborations and joint research projects.
(4) Information Society
C. International aspects and co-operation with international organisations
1. What is the scope of your activities and/or co-operation with and/or in third countries (outside the EU)? In which geographical areas and in which cultural sector(s)? Which should in your view be the objectives of the European Union in its relations with third countries in the field of culture? Which types of action(s) would contribute to these objectives?
NEMO is an independent network of European museum organisations and similar bodies representing the museum community in Europe and countries associated with the European Union. Currently it counts representatives from 32 countries among those also from Switzerland, Croatia, Romania, Russia.
As a link between the museums and Europe NEMO´s principal task is to inform about new developments within the European Community and to provide a platform for co-operation between the EU and European museum organisations. It also stimulates the development and co-operation among museums in all European countries. At the moment NEMO is developing European standardised loan agreements that are applicable to all kinds of museums. It will encourage a widespread collaboration between museums working towards a common cultural aim. The NEMO standard loan agreement is supposed to be used not only in EU member countries but also in countries associated with the EU or holding membership with NEMO.
2. What is your experience of relations/cooperation with other international or regional organisations active in the cultural sphere, such as UNESCO or the Council of Europe? How do you see the relationship between action at EU level and within the framework of those organisations?
Cooperation with other cultural bodies is a core activity of NEMO. By including organisations from countries that are not members of the EU NEMO forms a widespread network that not only focuses on national museum organisations but also cooperates with other organisations in the cultural sector. This is mainly done by the individual members who hold cooperations themselves which are discussed in the network.
D. Arrangements for dialogue and co-operation at European level
1. Do you think there are particular difficulties in the framework of the dialogue between the cultural sector and the European institutions? If so, what are they? How do you think this dialogue should develop, both with regard to the cultural sector and the European institutions in order to make it more structured and sustainable?
Whereas institutions of the cultural sector have a very practical way of dealing with their issues the EU policy-making mechanisms have to follow administrative rules. It seems important that the cultural sector and the European institutions develop a sensitive approach to each others needs.
2. What could be in your opinion the objectives common to the whole of the cultural sector at European level?
Arts and culture are a common asset of the European society. The main objective should therefore be an increased communication of this throughout Europe - and to the global community. If Europe succeeds in building up trust and increasing networking within the cultural sector it will succeed to overcome cultural diversity.
3. Among the areas of action in which more advanced coordination between Member States of the EU might be feasible, which are the ones with significant European value added for the world of culture? Should this coordination involve all Member States or could it be developed by a group of interested countries?
Please present the areas in decreasing order of importance.
Actions related to the topics of "networking", "mobility of collections" and "mobility of people" shall prove to be of significant European value and will result in encouraged cultural cooperation within the EU. In order not to leave some member states behind the development of those topics should be open to all countries.